Sahabhagi Vikash Abhiyan

WADI(TDF) Project:

Integrated Tribal Development Programme (ITDP) with WADI approach under Tribal Development Fund of NABARD-2014-15.

With the support of NABARD Tribal Development Funds (TDF) for development in the Tribal Pockets of the Nuapada District of Odisha, the long term Sustainable Livelihood Development Programme was undertaken. The Programme is mostly Orchard based for Landholding farmers and to create income generating activities for land less Farmers & Farmers having less than five Acres of land, for a period of Seven Years.

 

 

Objectives-

  • To create replicable models of integrated development of Tribal families on participatory basis, through adaptation of sustainable income generating activities based on potential of the area & Tribal needs.
  • To build and strengthen Tribal Institutions which would enable the communities to be partners in policy formulation, programme execution & bring improvement in their social and economic status

Sahabhagi Vikash Abhiyan started the ITDP project with WADI approach in Sinapali block of Nuapada district from April – 2013 to March-2016 for 1000 acres of Wadi Plantation. The targets for three years were at 200 acres in 1st year (13-14), 400 acres in 2nd year (14-15) and 400 acres for 3rd year (15-16).During the year the project had active participation of 35 UdyanVikasSamities. The project is Covering 8 GP,20 villages,1078 Households of Sinapalli block. Out of 1078 households, 78 Landless Households are covered by supporting for livelihoods enhancement means like supporting for Poultry &Duckery units.

 

 

Components:-

  • Orchard Development (fruit/plantation/herbal crops/& forest Plants)as the core component.
  • Soil and moisture conservation measures.
  • Water Resources Management(Conservation & use).
  • Sustainable Agriculture.
  • Human resource development(Community development).
  • Women Development through components such as Drudgery Reduction measures, On-Farm And Non-Farm Income Generating Activities and Formation Of SHGs.
  • Community health
  • Micro-enterprises for landless people.
  • Processing & marketing.

 

Plantation activities

  • Number of Farmers/families directly involved – 600, New farmers 400 and follow up of previous years-200.
  • Area under Mango/ Sweet Lime plantation – 600 Acres & Gap filling of 1st year farmers 200 acres (10%)
  • Number of Mango Grafts planted in 2014-15 – 17200
  • Number of Sweet Lime Grafts planted in 2014-15 – 6400
  • Number of Forest Species Plant as Boundary Plantation- with the support of forest department-Teak-12000,Chakunda-3800,Aksia-12000,Bamboo-3000 & Gambari-6000 no’s.

 

Irrigation facilities created.

Sl. No

Type of irrigation

Supported by

Nos

Irrigation facilities created in Acre

Farmers benefitted

1

Deep bore wells

BKVY

16

52

52

2

Ring wells

TDF,IWMP,LWS,
Agr-dept

76

87

87

3

Lift irrigation

Agr-dept

22

62

62

4

Farm ponds-

TDR-&agr-dept

8

8

8

5

Drip irrigation

IMMI

35

35

35

6

Kerosene operated Pump sets

(50% from TDF support)

109

153

153

7

Manual Pump sets

(50% supports from TDF)

30

125

125

8

Over head tanks(2500 litres)

TDF

42

42

42

 

Total

 

338

564

564

 

 

Impacts:-

  • Out of 338 units, 92 units are constructed with TDF-NABARD support & 245 units are mobilized from other sources as convergence.
  • Stake holders contribution are more than 50% of total cost mobilized from other sources.
  • Stake holders are well managing the Irrigation Sources & Machineries & using them as Community Asset.
  • Irrigation Infrastructures and Units are internally coordinated by the Udayan Vikash Samitees.
 

Infrastructure support for livelihood

  • Construction of 3 developed Onion Storage Go down with 600 quintals of storage capacity.
  • Establishment of 227 Vermin Compost Pits.
  • Solar Lights Supported-120-nos
  • Establishment of 2 Rice Hallers
  • 1 Establishment of fruits& vegetables Packaging Centre
  • Construction of 1 drying Yard
  • 35 Duckery units and &43 Poultry Units
  • Development of Soil Conservation Measures in 91 Acres like Field Bund, Land Levelling, Farm Bonding, Trench Digging & Land Terracing
 

Intercropping

  • Number of Farmers adopted Intercropping with Cereals, Pulses, Oilseeds and Maize etc.- 567
  • Number of Farmers did intercropping with vegetables – 534
  • Average House Hold income raised by intercropping & various vegetables farming Rs-3000/- to 15000/-
 

Due to the support of SVA,the families involved with Duckery& Poultry Farming are getting an average income of Rs 8000 to Rs-12000/- from the units with minimum two/three recycles in a year. Initially the farmers were involved with Banaraj farming and slowly they have converted it for local variety farming which is more profitable. The women who have been organized to form SHGs, are now taking up various agricultural activities. During the year, 43 SHG’s were covered under Capacity Building Activities and the average savings of the group level is Rs-26000/- and individually it was Rs-2800/-. Due to the well planned capacity building & community mobilization by SVA, the villagers became organized and significant changes can be seen within the target community in the form of raising income, changing of food habit, raising of women leadership & activation of community leadership to pull the Govt resources to the villages. It is also found that an average income increased from RS-8000 to Rs-16000/- of the WADI Farmers due to practicing of Intercropping & Integrated Farming through organic practices. Some of the key achievements of this project in the year-2014-to 2015 are as follows:

(I)-Distress Migration Checked:

There was a check on Distress Migration in the households in all the 35 villages. All the households who used to make distress migration in the previous years are now involved in the project activities and from each household at least two persons have been able to get engaged in the WADI activities throughout the year. Regular interactions with the villagers and by organizing regular interfaces with the line department, the target communities are able to avail government provisions & facilities.

 

(II)-Food Security and Nutritional Level Improved: Because of Irrigation, Intercropping & Regular Skill Development Activities, food production has significantly improved in all the WADI villages. The villages have already become vegetable and pulses surplus area. It is expected that within next two/three years, all those villages will also become cereal and oilseed surplus area. Now a days green vegetable and pulses have become part of the daily meals of all the households which directly related improvement of Women & Child health. Now production of egg and poultry have also has gone up.

 

(III)Improvement in Health and sanitation:

With increased awareness among the villagers, the overall health status of the villagers is also improving very fast. In the year 2014-15- twelve no of Health Camps, six no of Child Health Cum Immunisation Camp were organized with the support of Heath Department with the participation of 32564 people consist of both male & female. 321 children and 45 pregnant women were immunized through the camp & regular follow up is done in the villages. The Medical officers, ICDS, ASHA worker, ANM & NRHM personnel have also participated in the camps. Regular meeting of GoanKalyanSamitees are organising by the UdyanVikasSamitees which is now acting as the Village development Committee. Regular use of Mosquito Net and use of safe drinking water practices is increasing. Presently the women groups of the WADI villages are keeping close relation with ANGANWADI, ASHA, ANM and acting as the peer pressure group of the village on health & sanitation. It is hoped that very soon common diseases like malaria, diarrhoea, scabies, worm infection and anaemia etc. will disappear from these villages.